-06 Forms, Baguaquan, Chinese 中文, English 英文, English Subtitled, Generalities 通論

When change between opposite palaces, Change from the Root Not in the Hands. Chinese-English subtitled

Interesting lecture about the changes. Bagua is the Yin and Yang sides of Sixiang….

Interesting lecture by Master He Jinghan about changes in Baguaquan When change between opposite palaces, Change from the Root Not in the Hands. Chinese-English subtitled. Watch the video for details.
See the Chinese-English transcript below.

When change between opposite palaces, Change from the Root Not in the Hands. Chinese-English subtitled


HeJingHan BaguaQuan, Baguazhang Teaching Taipei.
See more videos at Youtube playlists
[中華武育學會] 推敲太極拳/八卦盤龍
Instructor: https://www.facebook.com/hejinghan
Email us: baguaquan.hun@gmail.com
some materials could be added from HeJingHan book:
Bagua Quan Foundation Training
ISBN 978-1848190153

Class Location

Nanchang Forest Sports Park
南昌森林運動公園

Class Schedule for Baqua quan application
Every Saturday 14:30
Class Schedule for Tai chi quan
Every Saturday


Chines English transcript

0:00:00.000,0:00:02.785

就是四向的陰陽面。

The Yin and Yang sides of Sixiang.

0:00:03.570,0:00:05.744

八卦就是四象的陰陽面嘛。

Bagua is the Yin and Yang sides of Sixiang.

0:00:05.744,0:00:10.885

陽陽是誰?陽陽是頭跟心嘛,是不是?

What is Yangyang? Yangyang is head and heart, isn’t it?

0:00:10.885,0:00:15.786

陽陰是誰?背跟肺嘛。

What is Yangyin? Back and lungs.

0:00:16.637,0:00:20.644

是不是?陽陰的內是肺嘛,陽陰的外是背嘛。

Isn’t it? The internal Yangyin is lungs and external Yangyin is back.

0:00:21.277,0:00:22.208

是不是?

Isn’t it?

0:00:22.557,0:00:31.101

那陰陽呢?陰陽呢?陰陽之內是肝嘛,外是腰嘛。

How about Yinyang? The internal Yinyang is liver and the external is waist.

0:00:31.232,0:00:37.922

陰陰的內,陰陰的內是什麼?腎嘛,外是腹。

What’s the internal Yinyin? It’s kidneys and the external is abdomen.

0:00:38.293,0:00:42.518

所以八卦就是四象的陰陽,事實上也是。

So, Bagua is actually the Yin and Yang of Sixiang.

0:00:42.518,0:00:43.602

八卦是什麼?

What’s Bagua?

0:00:43.602,0:00:45.602

四象原來是有四個嘛,

There are four of Sixiang,

0:00:46.104,0:00:48.649

四個就是陰陰、陰陽、陽陽、陽陰嘛。

and they are Yinyin, Yinyang, Yangyang, and Yangyin.

0:00:48.649,0:00:51.543

每一個再加上陰陽嘛。

Every Sixing has Yin and Yang.

0:00:52.328,0:00:55.157

是不是?八卦的形成也是這個樣子。

Isn’t it? The formation of Bagua is like this.

0:00:55.790,0:00:58.270

所以八卦就是四象的陰陽。

So, Bagua is the Yin and Yang of Sixiang.

0:00:58.270,0:00:59.877

八卦不是八個?

Aren’t there eight of Bagua?

0:01:01.317,0:01:05.869

好了嘛,八卦是兩組的四象。

Ok. Bagua is two sets of Sixiang.

0:01:07.869,0:01:12.007

兩組的四象,陰陽面、內外面。

Two sets of Sixiang, which are Yin and Yang sides as well as internal and external sides.

0:01:13.425,0:01:17.257

在拳裡面也是一樣的,曉得嗎?

Quan is also the same. Understand?

0:01:17.388,0:01:19.890

所以它的變化是從哪來?

So, where is the transformation from?

0:01:19.890,0:01:22.370

人的變化只有四。

Humans can only have four changes.

0:01:22.370,0:01:30.000

我說在八卦拳裡面,八卦只有四爻,沒有六爻。

In Baguaquan, Bagua only has four Yao, not six Yao.

0:01:30.393,0:01:33.876

所以很多人講八卦拳是從易經來的,是不對的。

So, many people say Baguaquan is from Yijing, and that’s wrong.

0:01:34.269,0:01:36.400

易經是六爻。

Yijing has six Yao.

0:01:37.403,0:01:43.024

人沒有六爻的變化,人的變化來自於四肢的變化。

Humans don’t have changes of six Yao; instead, there are changes from four limbs.

0:01:43.155,0:01:45.308

四肢就是四爻。

Four limbs are four Yao.

0:01:46.617,0:01:49.184

是不是?六爻的意思是什么?

Isn’t it? What’s the meaning of six Yao?

0:01:49.184,0:01:53.562

三爻,比方講八卦是三個爻嘛,三個爻的意思是什麼?

For example, Bagua has three Yao. What’s the meaning of three Yao?

0:01:53.562,0:01:57.830

就是八卦的每一卦是這三個元素的變化。

That is, every trigram of Bagua is the change from the three elements.

0:01:58.550,0:02:01.052

是不是?三個元素的變化嘛。

Isn’t it? Changes of three elements.

0:02:01.052,0:02:06.149

比方第一個底下的陽變成陰,中間的陽變陰,陰變成陽。

For example, the bottom Yang becomes Yin, the middle Yang becomes Yin, or Yin becomes Yang.

0:02:06.149,0:02:09.109

是不是?是三組元素的變化。

Isn’t it? Changes of the three elements.

0:02:09.807,0:02:15.602

易經是六組元素的變化,人沒有六組元素的變化。

Yijing has changes from six elements, while humans do not.

0:02:16.780,0:02:23.993

人的姿勢只有四組元素的變化,就叫作四象,就是四肢。

Humans can only have position from the four elements, which is Sixaing as well as four limbs.

0:02:25.869,0:02:26.604

這樣有沒有懂?

Do you understand?

0:02:26.887,0:02:35.256

所以四在人體來講,四肢就是屬於四象,四個象,象就是形象。

So, in terms of human bodies, four limbs are Sixiang, which are four images.

0:02:36.761,0:02:42.491

四個形象的元素就是兩手兩腳。

The elements of four images are two arms and two legs.

0:02:42.491,0:02:46.192

人沒有兩手兩腳就沒有姿態的變化。

Without two arms and two legs, there is no change of human position.

0:02:49.377,0:02:50.439

是不是這樣子?

Isn’t it?

0:02:51.791,0:02:58.284

所以人的招式的變化;武術的招式的變化,只有四象的變化。

So, changes of postures of humans and martial arts are changes of Sixiang.

0:02:58.917,0:02:59.783

曉得嗎?

Understand?

0:02:59.783,0:03:05.000

就是從陰,我從下,下要往上走,下了以後要往上走。

It goes up from Yin, which is down.

0:03:05.305,0:03:06.149

是不是這樣子?

Isn’t it?

0:03:06.149,0:03:10.985

往上走,是陰到陽。陰到陽之間可以變化。

It goes up from Yin to Yang, and there are changes between Yin and Yang.

0:03:10.985,0:03:17.609

陰陽跟陽陰之間可以變化,我從這邊到這邊,我翻到這裡,這邊。

There are changes between Yin and Yang, and I move there from here.

0:03:18.220,0:03:18.999

是不是?

Isn’t it?

0:03:18.999,0:03:26.147

比方講你練槍,攔、拿,攔是陰到陽,拿是陽到陰。

For example, when practicing the spear, Covering is from Yin to Yang, and Taking is from Yang to Yin.

0:03:26.605,0:03:31.550

它就在這個中路的變化,中路變化有陰陽跟陽陰。

It changes in the middle, which have Yinyang and Yangyin.

0:03:31.943,0:03:32.940

是不是這樣子?

Isn’t it?

0:03:32.940,0:03:40.000

我從陰,我從這邊,我的手從這邊到這邊,再上來到陽陽了。

From Yin, here, my hand goes there, and up to Yangyang.

0:03:40.000,0:03:42.218

我的手上來了以後怎麼辦?

What to do after my hand goes up?

0:03:42.218,0:03:47.054

當然要往下走啊,你不可能永遠向上嘛。

Of course, go down. It’s impossible to always go up.

0:03:47.490,0:03:51.977

當然要往下走,往下走,是從陽陽到陽陰。

Of course, go down from Yangyang to Yangyin.

0:03:52.937,0:03:58.514

是不是?我到陽陰了以後,我到陽陰了以後,在陽陰之間變化。

Isn’t it? After reaching Yangyin, change in Yangyin.

0:03:59.561,0:04:04.593

是不是?我在這邊很多的變化,然後我到下面,我再到陰陰。

Isn’t it? There are lots of changes here, and then I go down to Yinyin.

0:04:05.204,0:04:08.055

所以八卦拳講八卦的變化,講…

So, Baguaquan is about changes of Bagua.

0:04:08.840,0:04:13.632

離宮陽坎宮陰,震兌兩宮變化深。

Li trigram is Yang and Kan trigram is Yin. Zhen and Dui trigrams are changeable.

0:04:14.504,0:04:17.595

震兌兩宮就是陰陽跟陽陰。

Zhen and Dui trigrams are Yinyang and Yangyin.

0:04:17.813,0:04:19.311

陽就是陽了,

Yang is Yang.

0:04:20.293,0:04:23.667

你除非往下走,你沒有其他路走。

Unless going down, there are no other ways.

0:04:23.776,0:04:28.372

陰就是陰了,你在底下,你除非往上走,你沒有其他路走。

Yin is Yin and it’s down. Unless going up, there are no other ways.

0:04:29.092,0:04:31.092

中間的路很多。

There are lots of ways in the middle.

0:04:33.928,0:04:34.774

是不是這樣子?

Isn’t it?

0:04:35.603,0:04:44.059

所以最多的變化是在於陰陽跟陽陰之間,就是震兌兩宮之間的變化。

So, most changes are between Yinyang and Yangyin, that is, between Zhen and Dui trigrams.

0:04:47.222,0:04:48.284

曉得嗎?

Understand?

0:04:51.512,0:04:55.366

好吧,那它就是屬於中路,它屬於中宮的。

Ok. It belongs to the middle, central trigram.

0:04:55.671,0:04:57.322

中宮的左右。

The left and right of the central trigram.

0:04:59.002,0:05:00.522

可是國內還有人這樣子講。

But there are still people in the country saying this.

0:05:01.307,0:05:03.743

沒有,應該全世界都沒有。

No, not at all in the world.

0:05:04.594,0:05:06.594

八卦拳的理論就是這樣子。

The theory of Baguaquan is like this.

0:05:06.594,0:05:08.590

我有聽過一個英文版的跟你講的不太一樣。

I have heard of one English version which is different from yours.

0:05:08.590,0:05:15.323

是嗎?好,八卦拳我師父傳下來的拳譜,它就是這樣講。

Is it? Ok. What my teacher passed down is like this.

0:05:16.632,0:05:19.723

離宮陽坎宮陰,震兌兩宮變化深。

Li trigram is Yang, and Kan trigram is Yin. Zhen and Dui trigrams are changeable.

0:05:19.723,0:05:23.403

變化就是四象的變化。

Changes are from Sixiang.

0:05:23.796,0:05:28.806

所以合理的動作,你看合理的拳,

So, reasonable movement and Quan,

0:05:29.504,0:05:31.395

不管它是有意的,還是無意的,

intentionally or not,

0:05:31.395,0:05:36.170

合理的拳,它一定是依循這樣子在走的。

must follow this.

0:05:36.170,0:05:39.152

那個拳路依循這樣在走的。

The Quan follows this.

0:05:39.348,0:05:42.722

你如果要弄組合拳也是要依循這個。

If you want to create a combination of Quan, it must follow this as well.

0:05:43.398,0:05:47.579

曉得嗎?那現在新武術它不合理,對人不好是什麼?

Understand? Why are the new martial arts nowadays not reasonable and bad for people?

0:05:47.579,0:05:49.121

它沒有這個。

They(new martial arts) don’t have this.

0:05:49.644,0:05:53.847

它一提起來,陽,再跳起來更陽。

In new martial arts, after lifting up, they want to jump higher to be even Yang.

0:05:54.545,0:05:56.872

那人受不了的。

Humans can’t stand that.

0:05:58.181,0:06:01.599

而且沒有力,你陽再陽沒有力了。

What’s more, people don’t have force to be even Yang after Yang.

0:06:02.232,0:06:05.323

曉得嗎?陰再陰,你沒力了。

Understand? Yon won’t have force if you want to be even Yin after Yin.

0:06:10.000,0:06:12.471

所以沒辦法用五行來講這個東西。

So, there is no way to explain this by Wuxing.

0:06:12.973,0:06:15.889

五行就是包含四象啊。

Wuxing contains Sixiang.

0:06:17.699,0:06:24.410

五行是對應,對應五臟,是在內修上用的。

Wuxing is in correspondence to five organs, and it is for Internal Cultivation.

0:06:25.000,0:06:28.963

四象是對應於力的變化。

Sixiang corresponds to the changes of force.

0:06:30.963,0:06:31.851

這樣有沒有懂?

Do you understand?

0:06:31.851,0:06:34.571

所以四象裡面沒有土。

So, there is no Earth in Sixiang.

0:06:35.792,0:06:38.141

沒有土嘛,是不是?

It is without Earth, isn’t it?

0:06:38.381,0:06:40.839

可是它所有的變化都要經過土。

However, every change needs to go through the Earth.

0:06:42.170,0:06:43.690

所以土放在中間就對了?

So, the Earth is in the middle?

0:06:43.690,0:06:44.190

對。

Yes.

0:06:46.328,0:06:49.031

所以五行的排列,土是在中央的,

In the arrangement of Wuxing, the Earth is in the center.

0:06:49.031,0:06:55.377

不是像現在有的五行的排列,它放在火的後面,放在那個圈子上。

It’s not like nowadays, some arrangements of Wuxing put it(Earth) after Fire on the circle.

0:06:55.377,0:06:56.330

那是錯的

That is wrong.

0:06:57.573,0:06:59.486

可是一般都是那樣的話…

But if it’s like that in general…

0:06:59.486,0:07:02.097

那不對,那失掉土的涵義了。

That is wrong. That lost the meaning of the Earth.

0:07:03.318,0:07:06.081

那失掉土的涵義了。

That lost the meaning of the Earth.

0:07:09.135,0:07:11.811

而且修道上來講,在很多…

In addition, in terms of cultivating oneself…

0:07:11.811,0:07:17.323

土是什麼?土是金跟木的媒人。

What is the Earth? Earth is the matchmaker of Metal and Wood.

0:07:18.305,0:07:22.377

金跟木是隔得很遠,而且他們是很不好的。

Metal and Wood are far away and they don’t get along.

0:07:22.377,0:07:24.900

金剋木,金剋木嘛。

Metal prevails Wood.

0:07:25.467,0:07:28.558

是不是?要靠誰來撮合?靠土。

Isn’t it? Who sets them up? The Earth.

0:07:29.583,0:07:35.000

所以土要在中央,土是撮合,金跟木跟水跟火。

So, Earth needs to be in central. Earth sets up Metal and Wood as well as Water and Fire.

0:07:37.247,0:07:38.200

曉得嗎?

Understand?

0:07:38.462,0:07:43.494

土的重要是在這裡。它是在中央。

The importance of Earth is this. It is in the central.

0:07:45.479,0:07:51.492

你要做一個杯子,你用土裡面加水把它做成形了,放到火裡燒。

If you want to make a cup, you add water in the clay and put it into the fire.

0:07:52.124,0:07:55.782

你直接把水放到火裡蒸發掉了,沒有了。

If you add water into the fire, the water will be evaporated, and nothing will be left.

0:07:55.891,0:07:58.371

它必須都含在這個土之內。

It must be in the clay(Earth).

0:07:58.371,0:08:00.284

那它應該畫個十字架才對啊。

Then, it should draw a cross.

0:08:00.284,0:08:01.913

它本來就是十字架啊。

It is a cross.

0:08:01.913,0:08:03.404

它都畫那個啊…

It is drawn as that…

0:08:03.811,0:08:05.811

它本來就是十字架了嘛。

It is a cross.

0:08:07.709,0:08:08.749

這樣有沒有懂?

Do you understand?

0:08:11.606,0:08:17.009

所以四象跟五行的應用是在這裡做區分。

So, here is the difference of the application of Sixiang and Wuxing.

0:08:17.249,0:08:23.241

所以在五行裡面,它是因為對應在五臟,所以火生土。

In Wuxing, it corresponds to five organs. So, the Fire generates the Earth.

0:08:23.743,0:08:25.830

火生土,就是心。

The Fire generates the Earth and that is in correspondence to the heart.

0:08:25.830,0:08:31.669

接下來是生什麼關係到脾胃,然後從脾胃再到肺。

Next, what is generated is related to the spleen and the stomach, and then lungs.

0:08:31.800,0:08:34.913

土生金在四象裡面不適合。

It is not suitable to have the Earth generate the Metal in Sixing.

0:08:34.913,0:08:38.483

四象裡面直接從陽陽到陽陰去了。

In Sixiang, Yangyang goes to Yangyin directly.

0:08:40.000,0:08:46.995

曉得嗎?沒有經過土哦,它的變化是直接從陽陽就到陽陰去了。

Understand? It didn’t go through the Earth, and it changes from Yangyang to Yangyin directly.

0:08:49.678,0:08:50.609

這樣有沒有懂?

Do you understand?

0:08:52.223,0:08:53.285

什麼原因?

Why?

0:08:54.136,0:08:57.685

因為陽陰跟陰陽就是中宮的兩面嘛。

Because Yangyin and Yinyang are the two sides of the central trigram.

0:08:59.685,0:09:02.230

它是中路嘛,它是屬於中的。

It is in the middle.

0:09:05.000,0:09:09.443

所以有些拳,很多拳,比方講修養的拳,太極拳好了。

So, there are many Quan, take Taichi Quan, the quan emphasize cultivation, for example,

0:09:09.443,0:09:12.294

楊家太極拳,你看孫家太極拳也是。

Yang Style and Sun Style Taichi Quan.

0:09:12.905,0:09:18.984

養氣養生為主的,它的動作招式大部分都是在中路來回。

They are mainly cultivating, and most of their movements are in the middle.

0:09:19.682,0:09:26.502

它沒有很激烈地往上,沒有很明顯地往下,大部分的招式都是在中路。

Neither do they lift up fiercely nor go down obviously. Most of postures are in the middle.

0:09:26.502,0:09:27.637

是不是這樣子?

Isn’t it like this?

0:09:28.509,0:09:35.000

年輕人練的拳,你們練的螳螂拳很多都是往陽走的,那個高低起伏很大。

Many young people practice Mantis Boxing, and it mostly goes to Yang with large ups and downs.

0:09:35.153,0:09:36.215

是不是這樣子?

Isn’t it?

0:09:36.738,0:09:43.755

從中走到陽跳起來,然後啪一個下去,這是練心、練心肺的。

From the central, jump up, and then suddenly go down. This is training the heart and lungs, cardio.

0:09:48.728,0:09:49.727

這樣有沒有懂?

Do you understand?

0:09:50.229,0:09:55.000

所以你有這個觀念,你去看很多拳的設計合理不合理,

So, with this knowledge, you may see if the design of a Quan is reasonable,

0:09:55.000,0:09:58.091

跟這套拳它設計的是做什麼用的。

and what the design is for.

0:09:58.702,0:10:01.095

做什麼用的你就懂了。

You will understand what it(design) is for.

0:10:02.338,0:10:05.000

那應該怎麼練就懂了。

In that case, you can understand how to train.

0:10:08.751,0:10:09.660

這樣有沒有懂?

Do you understand?

0:10:10.271,0:10:15.586

所以人的變化,四象的變化就在身上、內外。

So, changes of Sixiang and humans are on the bodies, internal and external.

0:10:16.917,0:10:23.127

內外,我從心,剛才講,我從心,是不是一下來,我到我到這個地方,

From the heart, it goes down. Let me go there (to demonstrate).

0:10:23.127,0:10:27.395

我的變化這一下來,我是不是應該要下來了?

Shouldn’t I go down?

0:10:27.744,0:10:29.024

我是不是應該要下來了?

Shouldn’t I go down?

0:10:29.024,0:10:32.420

我不能…我這裡,我不能再往上拉。

I can’t pull up farther here.

0:10:32.594,0:10:34.659

我要下來怎麼下來啊?

How do I go down?

0:10:35.313,0:10:37.313

是不是?我要下來。

Isn’t it? I need to go down.

0:10:37.313,0:10:39.580

心是不是走到肺,是不是?

It will go from the heart to lungs, isn’t it?

0:10:39.580,0:10:42.365

所以我走到肺,我這邊一下來,在這裡。

So, it goes to lungs.

0:10:42.670,0:10:45.193

你看我在這裡,打飛。

And then hit out from here.

0:10:46.655,0:10:49.855

是不是?我就從這裡到這裡的,這麼近啊。

Isn’t it? It’s so close from here to there.

0:10:50.291,0:10:54.538

心的力量到肺的力這麼近當然快。

It’s so close from the heart to lungs so the force goes fast.

0:10:56.174,0:11:00.246

曉得嗎?我換那個勁很快。

Understand? I change the force fast.

0:11:01.009,0:11:07.044

是不是?那我從心,我從心,我到中央,我能不能換成肝?

Isn’t it? Can I change from the heart to the central, and then to the liver?

0:11:07.349,0:11:11.879

肝是由陰陰生的嘛,是不是這樣子?

The liver is generated by Yinyin, isn’t it?

0:11:11.988,0:11:16.104

照說我剛才是換成陽陰嘛。

I just changed to lungs, which belong to Yangyin.

0:11:16.409,0:11:17.929

可是它在中路啊。

But it’s in the central.

0:11:18.147,0:11:23.615

所以我從火,我從這邊陽陽,我換到這個是不是也很快?

So, isn’t it fast as well to change from the Fire, Yangyang, to here?

0:11:24.793,0:11:28.145

換到肝,換到青龍飛升掌。

To livers, Green Dragon Flies Upwards.

0:11:30.109,0:11:31.127

這樣有沒有懂?

Do you understand?

0:11:33.810,0:11:37.228

我的轉換只在於從這邊到這邊。

The transformation is only from here to there.

0:11:39.889,0:11:41.126

也很近啊。

It’s close.

0:11:47.597,0:11:51.822

這樣有沒有懂?這樣懂了什麼叫做變化了。

Do you understand? Understand what changes are.

0:11:53.589,0:11:56.701

什麼叫做變化?變化不在於這個。

What are changes? Changes are not this.

0:11:57.751,0:11:59.477

變化不在於這個。

Changes are not this.

0:12:01.047,0:12:06.123

你說我一秒鐘打一百拳,都在這個部位,你都是用同樣的力量打。

You may punch one hundred fists in one second, but you hit on the same spot with the same force.

0:12:06.123,0:12:11.831

沒有用,那是一下而已,你那個一百下一點用都沒有。

It’s useless. The one hundred fists you punch out are not effective at all.

0:12:12.551,0:12:13.744

不是同樣的方式。

Not to hit with the same way.

0:12:13.744,0:12:15.000

都是一樣的嘛。

They are the same.

0:12:16.396,0:12:21.799

是不是?我在這裡打你一百拳你退後半步,沒有啊。

Isn’t it? If I punch you one hundred times here, you won’t step back even half step.

0:12:27.994,0:12:31.804

那麼這樣有沒有懂?這個不叫變化。

Do you understand? This is not the change.

0:12:37.432,0:12:38.298

好。

Ok.

0:12:41.482,0:12:42.462

曉得啦?

Understand?

0:12:42.724,0:12:46.556

所以我們自己練,要注意、要練的是這個東西。

So, what we need to pay attention to and practice on our own is this.

0:12:46.556,0:12:53.551

每一個外在的形式,你要去追求裡面,裡面的根源是什麼。

You need to pursue what the inner root is of every outer form.

0:12:55.950,0:13:00.000

 要變,從根源變,不要從梢變。

Change from the root, not from the tip.

0:13:03.730,0:13:04.247

好。

Ok.