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He Jinghan Talking about Baguaquan「EP01 What is WU」【with English subtitles】,
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What we do in this project : Add English subtitles to the valuable videos. The playlist HeJingHan talks about BaguaQuan 何靜寒說八卦拳【字幕版】 contains 22 videos. Master He prepared these talks about BaguaQuan, and made them at home during lockdown in Taiwan. They are great, well organized, systematic materials. HeJingHan selected videos with English subtitle playlist is continuously growing with the selected videos.
discussions, foundations practice at Budapest
Chinese English Transcript
Hello, my friends.
I’m He Jinghan, welcome to He Jinghan Talking about Baguaquan.
Don’t gossip; only talk about quan.
The Baguaquan I will talk about…
the Baguaquan I will introduce is according to what I inherited.
My teacher is master Gong Baozhai,
and he learned from grand master Gong Baotian,
who learned from great grand master Yin Fu,
and the patriarch Dong Haichuan.
What I will talk about are things I learned from our school
so (these things) are not related to other (schools).
Here is the disclaimer:
if there is something in common, it is a coincidence;
if there are some differences, it is a coincidence as well.
So, before I start to introduce Baguaquan,
we need to know that Baguaquan is one school of Chinese martial arts.
What is Chinese martial art then?
There is this word “Chinese” in “Chinese martial art,”
of course, is (related to) Chinese culture.
Martial art is related to its culture,
the way people living on the land,
the conditions they had, and problems they met.
And they found a resolution.
This thing became different schools.
There are many schools of Chinese martial arts.
For example, everyone knows Taichiquan, Baguaquan,
Mantis Boxing, Shaolin Boxing, etc.
This, then, is the difference in the big family of Chinese martial art.
Everyone proposed and faced their difficulties of live,
and then proposed a solution.
They proposed different solutions.
This is Chinese martial art.
Of course, because in Chinese culture,
there are profound things with a long history,
such as Taoism(Daoism), Yin and Yang, Wuxing(Five Elements), and so on.
These things are deeply rooted,
no matter you have studied or not,
these things are deeply rooted in the blood of every (Chinese) person.
And of course, there are some more,
for example, some teaching of loyalty, filial piety, and honor,
along with some principles of how to bear oneself.
Martial art is… Chinese martial art, traditional martial art,
is a naturally developed wisdom.
If it is naturally developed,
during the progress of its development,
it definitely absorbed different features of different people in different periods of time,
and different solutions that people came up with when facing different challenges.
So, when we are talking about a school of martial art,
what does it mean?
It means that things in this school had become a teaching system.
That is to say, it(this school) can be inherited
instead of, for example,
a random fight of passengers on the road.
Or we could say in the era of wilderness.
In the era of wilderness, people used a stick or waved their fists (to fight).
At this time, it couldn’t be called martial art.
It was definitely after forming a teaching system
that we could call it martial art and knowledge.
Just like learning various skills,
for example, learning art, learning music,
and even if we learn piano and violin, there are different teaching systems
to form their groups.
In other words, when knowledge is taken to be taught in schools,
from elementary schools to universities and graduate schools,
a teaching system has definitely been built
so that it can become a department, a major, in schools.
So do martial arts.
Then, when did Chinese martial arts have teaching systems?
It has actually never been recorded by words.
Because for a long period of time, people put more emphasis on education then physical training,
so few things of physical training were recorded.
For example, we knew many people throughout history
who were both educated and physically trained or a military officer,
take Yue Fei for example, we knew that his teacher was probably Zhou Tong.
However, what did he lean exactly?
What did Zhou Tong teach him?
Also, a lot of famous generals throughout history,
what did they inherit?
How was they trained?
How had Zhuge Liang been taught?
And other examples like famous Liu Bei, Guan Yu, and Zhang Fei during the Three Kingdoms.
All of these; there were too many.
Who taught these people after all?
By what means were they taught?
What did they learn in the first place?
All of these were not written in record.
Why there were no record?
The first reason is what I just said, people put more emphasis on education than physical training,
and the second, which I think is the biggest reason:
martial arts started from Zhou Dynasty.
From Zhou Dynasty.
When in Zhou Dynasty.
When in the past, in Zhou Dynasty, only nobles could be educated.
Not only China had this phenomenon.
Take a look at nobles in Europe, Japan. etc.
Getting educated was a luxury thing at that time.
Who would get educated then?
The ruling class.
During the era of city state, the ruling class were educated.
What education did they receive then?
Education of both being literate and physically trained.
Not only China,
Europe and Japan were also the same.
You can read the biography of Tokugawa Ieyasu,
he initially got physical training when he was little.
The Chinese education of both being literate and physically trained was the same.
Being literate and physically trained, which one should be learned first?
Get physically trained first.
Why getting physically trained first?
Because physical training is about how to construct,
and how to strengthen one’s physical and mental capability.
This is the purpose of physical training.
Why should one strengthen his physical and mental capability?
Because the leader at that time took the responsibility.
What was his biggest responsibility?
To protect the city state.
When enemy was invading, he should command troops to fight.
After coming back (from war),
he needed to govern the city state or the country.
Therefore, he must be both educated and physically trained.
And the most important was to be physically trained.
Because physical training…
physical training needed to be done along with the growth of body when kids were little.
So, this was the first thing to learn as a kid.
If I were a king or noble,
after my child being born, he should have been prepared to take my position.
So, I would start from the time when he(my kid) could be trained.
When should I start?
Basically, after being born.
I would nurse his health
and do some winter and summer training.
When he could gradually do more activities,
he should be taught riding horse, shooting arrows, and training physical strength.
Therefore, one should get his physical training first.
What is being educated or literate then?
We know being educated or literate,
the original meaning of “wen” this character is,
for example, referring to painting on the wall or words written on paper.
This is “wen”.
So, it is a decoration.
Being educated or literate is putting things in from outside.
Like we read books, learn how to write,
and learn a skill.
These are added to our body and mind from outside,
and it is called being educated or literate.
So, briefly speaking,
“Wu(physical training)” is focusing on one’s nature,
to strengthen or train one’s nature.
“Wen(education or being literate)” is a outward and explicit skill building up on the nature.
Therefore, (we) should do physical training first, and then get education.
So, the most people who were both educated and physically trained,
or so-called literati,
what they demonstrated was “wen(being educated)”.
“Wu(physical training)” was a basic education for them.
If they had not been a military officer.
For example, many people…
for example, Yan Zhenqing, a calligrapher,
he was actually both literate and physically trained.
But he was famous for calligraphy afterward.
So, “wu(physical training)”
was a basic education among the nobility at that time,
and wouldn’t be mentioned in general.
For example, nowadays, if you achieve success and fame…
achieve success and fame, you wouldn’t mention what education you got in the first place,
you would mention less of your elementary school and middle school.
So, “wen(being literate)” and “wu(physical training)”, the education people get…
the phase of the literate and physical education is like this.
At that time, as a literati,
as a person responsible for the country,
physical training must be acquired and was needless to mention particularly.
The problem was, after going to war,
(physical training) was good or proficient enough.
There was definitely some training process.
So, we know that when in Zhou Dynasty…
in Zhou Dynasty, the education was both being literate and physically trained,
that means at that time,
there was already a system of physical training.
Otherwise, if there wasn’t a system, how should people train their offspring?
And then we can see,
after nobility and royal family of Zhou Dynasty declined,
nobles went into the folk.
They brought this literate and physical education to the folk.
After the education was brought to the folk, they were still hidden,
and they only looked for suitable person to inherit.
Therefore, we can see that in the Spring and Autumn and the Warring States,
even in Han Dynasty,
and then they were fewer and fewer gradually.
Why there were so many people who were both literate and physically trained at that time?
Who taught them?
This is a mystery throughout history,
and it is not recorded in complete details.
People can’t help but suspect,
but no one has investigated this thing.
He came out from the folk and was given a responsibility,
when he was given the responsibility to be a general, he could be a general.
When he was given the responsibility to be a marshal, he could be a marshal.
When he was given the responsibility to be a county magistrate, he could be a county magistrate.
When he was given the responsibility to be a prime minister, he could be a prime minister.
(We) completely didn’t how he was raised and taught.
Isn’t this worth making a thorough inquiry?
This is our…
These things, during our process of learning martial arts,
we will find out these things one after another.
This is the interesting part of martial arts.
Let’s wrap up our first episode today. Thank you everyone.
The videos with English subtitles in this series are available under the YouTube Playlist .
Altogether 22 videos
HeJingHan talking about BaguaQuan 【with English subtitles】
The original, Chinese only videos are here
HeJingHan BaguaQuan, Baguazhang Teaching Taipei.
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